The Nitrogen Cycle In Your Aquarium | Ultimate Beginner Series
In Week 18 of this Beginner's Guide series, Matthew (of MyFirstFishTank.com) is gonna drop some serious knowledge on The Nitrogen Cycle and its role in your aquarium. When familiar with this process, you'll better understand how to keep a healthy reef tank.
Jump to his pointers here:
01:40 - What is the Nitrogen Cycle?
02:05 - Why is the Nitrogen Cycle important?
02:33- How does Nitrogen get into the ocean?
03:00- How does The Nitrogen Cycle work?
07:47- How to get rid of Nitrates from your aquarium
And here's Matthew's nifty glossary of all these scientific terms:
nitrogen gas (atmospheric nitrogen)
Acid- structural units that make up proteins
Ammonia & Ammonium
-Compounds that contain Nitrogen and Hydrogen. Ammonia contains one Nitrogen and three Hydrogen whereas Ammonium contains one Nitrogen and Four Hydrogen.
-Ammonia is a weak base and is un-ionized. On the other hand, Ammonium is ionised.
Denitrification is a microbially facilitated process where nitrate is reduced and ultimately produces molecular nitrogen through a series of intermediate gaseous nitrogen oxide products
process involving anaerobic bacteria reducing
NO3- (nitrate) to N2 (nitrogen gas.
Biological oxidation (break-down) of NH4+ to NO2- then NO3- (nitrite & nitrate)
the chemical processes by which atmospheric nitrogen
is assimilated into organic compounds, especially by certain microorganisms as part of the nitrogen cycle.
genus of gram-negative bacteria that oxidizes NO2- into NO3-.
genus of Gram-negative bacteria that consume NH4+ (ammonium) and produce NO2- (nitrite)
Oxidation occurs when an atom, molecule, or ion loses one or more electrons in a chemical reaction. The opposite of oxidation is reduction.
Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many critical roles in the body. They do most of the work in cells and are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs.
In case you missed Weeks 1-17 from Matthew:
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Shop Nitrate and Ammonia Test Kits HERE: bit.ly/NitTest
Shop Nitrifying Bacteria HERE: bit.ly/NitBacteria
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